You inherit many features from your parents, from the color of your eyes and hair to your height and body type. Genetics is a complex and fascinating matter. That’s why it isn’t uncommon for patients to ask their eye doctor if vision problems also run in families.
Read on to learn if genetics can affect the likelihood of developing eye and vision conditions.
Are Vision Problems Hereditary?
There is evidence a person is more likely to develop nearsightedness or myopia if their parents have it. It’s the same for people with parents who are farsighted or have hyperopia. Both of these refractive errors occur due to inherited genetic markers. It may help to know that most vision-related problems are associated with genetics.
Another vision condition that you may get from your parents is presbyopia. It usually affects people who are 40 and older. This condition makes it harder to see objects or text up close. If your parents had it, you might experience similar symptoms as they did. Regularly seeing your eye care provider can help with the early detection and management of presbyopia.
Do Eye Diseases Run in the Family?
Two of the most common causes of blindness worldwide can be inherited. Studies show that glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) are more likely to run in the blood than to develop randomly. Glaucoma occurs when fluid builds up in the eye and increases eye pressure, causing optic nerve damage. Individuals with family members who have glaucoma are nine times more likely to get it. Meanwhile, age-related macular degeneration compromises the central part of the retina, resulting in vision loss or distorted vision. The possibility of developing is three to four times greater in people with relatives affected by the condition.
Seeing your optometrist is more crucial if you have a family history of eye and vision conditions. At Vienna Eyecare Center, we strive to provide quality vision care services to people of all ages. Call us at (703) 938-7633, or fill out our contact form to schedule an appointment. We assist patients in Fairfax, VA, and nearby communities.